Acceptability and proof of concept of internet-delivered treatment for depression, anxiety and stress in university students – an open feasibility trial. 



The trial will investigate the feasibility of recruiting students (in relation to numbers screened, numbers recruited, and level of adherence) to receive internet-delivered interventions for the treatment of depression, anxiety, and stress and establish the acceptability of the interventions to the students at University of Minnesota.


The study is an open trial of internet-delivered CBT treatment of depression, anxiety, and stress. After completing screening questionnaires, participants will be able to choose one of three online CBT interventions (Space from Depression, Space from Anxiety, and Space from Stress). The study protocol was approved by the University of Minnesota Institutional Review Board (March 18, 2015; Code number: 1503S64741).


University of Minnesota

We aim to recruit 105 participants in total across the three trial arms. In addition, a sample of between 10 and 15 people would be suitable to reach saturation through analysis of data collected in semi-structured interviews

Study outcome measures 

  • GAD-7

  • PHQ-9

  • DASS-21

  • Satisfaction with treatment questionnaire.

  • Sociodemographic and History questionnaire

  • Semi-structured interviews (acceptability) 

Inclusion Criteria

  • Registered student at the University of Minnesota

  • 18 years of age and older.

  • Meet criteria for mild to severe symptoms based on the criteria of PHQ-9, GAD-7 and DASS-21 scales.

  • Not receiving face-to-face or group counselling.

  • Able to maintain safety (no obvious risk) while using the platform.